An exhibition presenting an overview of around 100 years’ history of kinetic art is being held in the Kunsthal, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. About 80 art works are exhibited, ranging from two-dimensional art to installation art. The exhibition is subdivided into a number of separate themes including light, movement, rhythm, structure, vibration, space, radiance, immateriality and rotation.
In 20th century Europe a group of artists were greatly influenced by the power of machines. Not only did machines make new expressions possible, but they also raised new challenges. These artists produced machine operated art works with for example automotive properties or which could emit moving and blinking lights. Works which make use of visual illusion were also created. Although these latter pieces do not actually move, they appear to do so from the viewers’ perspective according to the viewers own movements. These art works were given the label “kinetic art” (moving art).
The 1963 monumental work Mechanisches Ballett by Heinz Mack has been constructed for the first time having only previously existed as a model. The work will have its world premiere in Rotterdam. The piece consists of rotating reflective columns in a space of mirrored walls. Dependent upon the rotation the columns capture and emit light in a variety of directions. With the reflections continuing indefinitely, the entire space with its walls, the floor, and the audience become integrated into one piece of art. Other pieces in the exhibition include Lumière alternée (fig.1) by Julius Le Parc, a projected pattern of dynamically changing light in the dark. Also Blue Sail by Hans Haacke, in which the viewer sees blue nylon fabric fluttering endlessly from below under the influence of the breeze of an electric fan. Visitors can also experience Yayoi Kusama’s installation work Invisible Life a passage through which they walk with an interior covered by countless spherical mirrors.
These works created by light and movement stimulate various senses in the visitor. It is therefore an exhibition “to experience” rather than merely “to see”.
The Exhibition ‘Action ←→ Reaction’ will be held by 20th January 2019
3015 AA Rotterdam
Closed on Mondays, 1 January, 27 April, 24 December and 25 December